Treating Sleeping Disorders
The correct diagnosis and treatment of these patients require a multidisciplinary approach. For its correct diagnosis, a polysomnography or sleep test is performed, which consists of recording the physiological variables at night such as EEG, nasal discharge, oxygen saturation and heart rate. It allows to know the structure of the patient’s sleep and diagnosing the patient’s disorder.
What are the phases of sleep?
Phase 1: Drowsiness occurs, it’s the transition between being awake and sleep.
Phase 2: Sleep is light. Heart and respiratory rates decrease
Phase 3: It is the transition phase towards deep sleep.
Phase 4: The degree of depth is greater and it is very difficult to wake up
REM phase: This phase increases during the second half of the night. In this phase, there are rapid eye movements and increased brain activity.
Implications of Sleep disorders
The difficulty for completing professional, familiar or social obligations.
Am I Suitable To Get This Treatment?
Some Sleep Disorders
Insomnia Difficulty falling asleep, nocturnal awakening, or premature end of sleep.
Narcolepsy It is a neurological sleep disorder that causes extreme drowsiness and sleeps attacks during the day.
Sleep Apnoea and snoring Sleep Apnoea is a respiratory disease characterized by the fact that people who suffer from it habitually snore. This condition is caused by an obstruction of the pharynx that does not let air through. As a result, persons who suffer from sleep apnoea are not able to satisfactorily rest during sleep hours.
REM-phase sleep disorder It is characterized by vigorous motor behaviours, nightmares, and the absence of muscle atony during the REM sleep cycle. People over 55 years of age are the population at risk.
Night terrors Terror episodes with screaming and agitation, sometimes accompanied by sleepwalking.
Treatment Process for Sleep Disorders
The doctor is going to do a thorough examination and will look into your medical history, in which you must include the duration and age in which symptoms appeared.
Medical history: Known disorders that can interfere with sleep should be evaluated, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, heart failure, hyperthyroidism, gastroesophageal reflux, neurological disorders and pain disorders.
Sleep diary: You should keep a daytime sleep diary for several weeks for example; food or alcohol consumption, physical or mental activity during bedtime should be assessed. Symptoms should be recorded during sleeping and waking hours.
System’s review: Looking for symptoms of specific sleep disorder, such as, snoring, interrupted breathing patterns, and other night-time breathing disorders (sleep apnoea syndrome) also, depression, anxiety, mania, and hippomania.
Physical examination: It is especially helpful in identifying signs associated with Sleep Apnoea; obesity, large neck, mandibular hypoplasia, nasal obstruction and enlarged tonsils, tongue, uvula or, soft palate.
Complementary studies: Sleep study (Polysomnogram), Lab Tests, Multiple Sleep Latency Test, Maintenance of Wakefulness Test, Actigraphy
Sleep disorders’ treatment will depend on the type of disorder that the patient is diagnosed with, this can vary from cognitive therapy, pharmacological treatment, devices, etc. It is the sleep specialist who will tell you what is the best treatment for your specific situation.
How much is Sleep Disorder Treatment?
Price List : General Dental Treatments
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